But Kerala's most distinctive feature is probably its matrilineal society.
Unique to South Asia, property in Kerala is passed from mother to daughter.
The first human migrations out of Africa are thought to have taken place 70,000 years ago.
Migrants gradually made their way down India's coast over a few thousand years.
Coins of Roman emperors Nero and Tiberius have been found, along with Roman amphorae and Mediterranean glass ornaments.
Although a tiny minority in modern India, Jews have a long history on the subcontinent, and in fact, it is home to several distinct Jewish communities.
The first to arrive, possibly in the last centuries BCE, were the Jews who settled in Cochin (now called Kochi), in south India.
Muziris is where trade began and flourished between India and the Mediterranean, primarily in spices.
The trade lasted until the 4th century when it was taken over first by the Persians, and then by Arabs and Arabic-speaking Jews in the 7th century.
Along India's west coast there remain pockets of tribal peoples who may have descended from these first human migrations.